TBI (traumatic brain injury) is the result of a blow or injury to the head that causes injury to the brain. The extent of the damage and the symptoms is what causes a doctor to classify it as minor or major TBI. Even “minor” TBI can result in problems that the victim and his or her family may have to deal with on a long-term basis.

Other Terms Used For TBI

Medical professionals often use various terms to identify TBI. They include:

  • Concussion
  • Head trauma
  • Brain injury
  • Minor trauma

What makes it “minor”?

While it is not minor to you, doctors have to gauge the significance of the trauma in order to provide better treatment. As with any injury, a serious injury may require immediate intervention, while a minor injury may be left to heal on its own. Here are some of the considerations that lead to a classification of minor traumatic brain injury.

Complications With Diagnosis

It is not uncommon for minor TBI to be missed at the time of the initial examination. It may show up quickly, but more often than not, it shows up over time. The changes may be subtle, and the victim may not realize that anything is wrong until someone tells them.

While most recover quickly, about 15% of people with traumatic brain injury victims will continue to have symptoms for a year or more.

What Are The Symptoms?

The following list contains some of the most common symptoms. The injured person may suffer from any of these effects or a combination of these symptoms:

  • Unusual fatigue and sleepiness
  • Problems with vision
    • Blurred vision
    • Double vision
    • Sensitivity to light
  • Headaches
  • Memory issues
    • Short-term memory loss
  • Inability to concentrate or focus
  • Seizures
  • Loss of balance
  • Depression
  • Nausea
  • Frustration
  • Slower ability to think or problem solve

What Can Be Done?

These symptoms are often difficult for the victim and their family. Just because it is classified as “minor” does not mean that these symptoms are not life-changing. It simply means that the person is not in a coma, unable to walk, talk, swallow or take care of themselves.

A person with TBI needs medical attention. There are treatments to help with these symptoms while the body attempts to heal. The end result of TBI is different for each person. Some people recover completely, and some never fully recover. Only a doctor that specializes in brain injury can estimate the recovery. Even then, it is an educated guess.

This is why a person who has suffered due to an accident caused by someone else’s negligence or carelessness needs to seek legal action. TBI can last for a long time, and it can be very costly to treat. Life must go on and during their recovery, they may need professional help to cope with these symptoms and they may need to learn a new way to live.

A person with TBI may need to alter their career choice, at least temporarily. For example, if a person cannot hold focus or think through a situation, they cannot be a pharmacy technician who prepares prescriptions. If they have blurred vision and a loss of balance, they cannot drive a school bus or be a firefighter. Their life is altered, and they probably need to seek restitution to allow them to regain their lives until they have healed or have the symptoms under control.

For more information, speak to a brain injury attorney today.